Fadak … They usurped it and Allah made its fruit stone
By: Mohamed Ali
WASHINGTON, The United States: Fadak, Prophet Muhammad (S)’s
legacy for his beloved daughter Fatima Zahra (A), was snatched from
her forcibly by usurpers and their followers. Even today it is in
their control but Allah The Almighty has made its fruit (dates) stone
manifesting His justice. It is irrefutable evidence on the merit of
daughter of Prophet Muhammad Mustafa (A) in the sight of Allah on one
hand and on her oppressed-ness (mazlumiyah) on the other.
Professor Sobhi Mohamed Kashif Al-Ghita got these pictures which were
sent to him from outside Iraq.
An account of Fadak and its snatching:
After his victory at Khayber the Holy Prophet (S) decided to destroy
the remaining strongholds of the Jews and thus end the danger to
Islam. He therefore turned his attention to the Jewish village of
Fadak, which was a fertile territory 180 kilometres north of Madina.
He sent an envoy to the elders of Fadak. The chief of the village,
preferred peace and surrender to fighting. In return for the
protection of the Muslims, he agreed to give half of the produce of
the region to the Holy Prophet (S).
According to the rules of Islam, the lands conquered through war and
military power are the property of all the Muslims and their
administration lies with the ruler of the Muslims. However, those
lands that are submitted to the Muslims without war, as in the case of
Fadak, belong to the Holy Prophet (S) and after him, to the Holy Imam
(A) of the time. They have the right to distribute such properties as
they see fit. This is evident from the following verse:
Whatever God has bestowed on His Prophet from the people of the towns
is for God and the Prophet and his relatives and the orphans and the
needy and the wayfarer, so that it may not circulate among the rich
ones of you...
Surae Hashr, 59 : 7(Part)
The land of Fadak thus came into the possession of the Holy Prophet
(S), and when the following verse was revealed:
And give the kinsman his due, and the needy and the wayfarer...
Surae Bani Israa'il, 17 : 26(Part)
he made a gift of Fadak to his dear daughter Fatima (A).
He did this for several reasons.
Firstly, he was commanded to give his near ones their due.
The Holy Prophet (S) and all the Muslims were indebted to Khadija (A)
who sacrificed her entire wealth for the sake of the early Muslims.
Her money had been used to spread Islam, free those Muslims who were
slaves and support them in their times of trouble as in the three
years of social boycott that they had faced in Makka. Now the Holy
Prophet (S) could return her favours by gifting her daughter the rich
land of Fadak.
He also knew that after him, Imam Ali (A) would need Fadak as a source
of income to safeguard his position as Caliph.
Finally, he wanted to leave some provision for his daughter and
grandchildren so that they could live with dignity after his death.
However, after the Holy Prophet (S) passed away, Abu Bakr, who had
stolen the right of Imam Ali (A) to the Caliphate, took Fadak away
from Fatima (A). He did this to ensure that Imam Ali (A) would not
have the means to regain his rights.
When her managers informed her that they had been replaced by the
Caliph's men at Fadak, Fatima (A) decided to contest her right by
Abu Bakr refused to acknowledge her claim, and asked her to provide
witnesses. Although she already possessed the property of Fadak and
there had never been any doubt about her ownership, she brought two
witnesses. These were Imam Ali (A) and a woman named Umme Ayman, about
whom the Holy Prophet (S) had guaranteed that she would go to heaven.
Even then, Abu Bakr would not agree and he quoted a fake tradition
"The Holy Prophet has said, `We the group of Prophets do not inherit,
nor are we inherited and what we leave is for alms.'"
This was a blatant lie and moreover no one but Abu Bakr claimed to
have heard it.
Fatima (A) then gave an eloquent lecture in which she first explained
about the Oneness of Allah and the nature of the mission of her
father. She then proved that Abu Bakr was lying by quoting the
And Sulaiman inherited Dawood...
Surae Naml 27 : 16(Part)
Although Abu Bakr was ashamed of his conduct and decided to return
Fadak to her, she never forgave him for his actions. She did not speak
to him again as long as she lived and at her funeral six months after
her father died, he was not allowed to take part as per her will.
Eventually, Abu Bakr wrote a certificate to the effect that Fadak was
the absolute property of Fatima (A) and gave it to her. However, when
she was going back to her house, Umar al-Khattab chanced to meet her
and came to know the contents of the certificate. He brought it back
to Abu Bakr saying,
"As Ali is a beneficiary in this case, his evidence is not acceptable.
As for Umme Ayman, being a woman, her testimony is also of no value on
Saying this, he tore up the certificate in the presence of Abu Bakr.
This action grieved Fatima (A) so much that she cursed him.
After this, Fadak remained in the hands of successive rulers until the
time of the Umayyad Caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz, who returned it to
Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (A). However, the next Caliph took it away and
it remained with the Bani Umayyah Caliphs until their rule ended.
During the rule of the Bani Abbas it was returned briefly, but then
taken away forever.
better than wealth because it protects you while you have to
guard wealth. it decreases if you keep on spending it but the
more you make use of knowledge ,the more it increases . what you
get through wealth disappears as soon as wealth disappears but
what you achieve through knowledge will remain even after you."MORE