The 4 special deputies of Imam-e-Zamana (ATF) Part 1

By: Fatimah

After the martyrdom of Imam Hasan Askari (A.S.) the mantle of Imamate fell on the shoulders of Imam Mahdi (A.S.).

During Imam (ATF)s minor occultation, some very special and selected people among the Shias had the permission to meet their master whenever the need arose. They presented the problems of the Shias in the service of Imam (ATF) who provided answers to them and conveyed them back to the people.

Such selected people were called as special representatives, deputies. Four persons had the honour of acquiring this elevated status and all of them hailed from and resided in Baghdad.

(1) The First Deputy: Abu Amr Uthman Ibne Saeed Amri

He was from the Bani Asad clan. Due to his ancestral links he was called as Abu Amr but on the advise of Imam Hasan Askari (AS), he changed his title from Abu Amr to Amravi. He was called as "Sammaan" (oil merchant).

He was also famous as the representative of Imam Ali Naqi (A.S.). The title of Sammaan (oil merchant) itself is historical. He used to deliver the wealth, possessions of Imam (A.S.) in an oil can (In order that the intelligence personnel of the Government could not detect his activities, he posed himself as a businessman on Imam (A.S.)'s order)

Till 254 A.H. he was the representative of Imam Ali Naqi (A.S.) He (A.S.) used to say, "Abu Amr is a reliable and trustworthy person, whatever he narrates, its on my behalf and whatever he conveys is in fact my message".

After the demise of Imam Ali Naqi (A.S.) in 254 A.H. he became the special representative of Imam Hasan Askari (A.S.) who used to say, "Abu Amr is a reliable and trustworthy person. He was relied upon evey by the previous Imams and in my life as well as after my death, he is reliable whatever he narrates on my behalf and his messages are actually my messages".

Imam (A.S.) also says: "Stand witness that Uthman bin Saeed is my representative. His son, Mohammad Bin Uthman is Mahdi (A.S.)'s representative. When a son (Hazrat) Mahdi (A.S.) was born to Imam Hasan Askari (A.S.), he ordered Abu Amr to distribute ten thousand roties and ten thousand pieces of meat among the Bani Hashim and also sacrifice sheep and goats for Aqeeqah.

In a congregation of forty reliable and selected people of Imam Hasan Askari (A.S.) he introduced Imam Mahdi (A.S.) to them. He mentioned about his Imamate and occultations. Then he emphasised about the representation of Imam Mahdi (A.S.) by Usman bin Saeed, thus "You (all) accept whatever he says for he is the representative of your Imam and affairs are with him".

He participated in all the funeral proceedings of Imam Hsan Askari (A.S.) and executed all orders issued unto him. In 260 A.H. after the martyrdom of Imam Hasan Askari (A.S.) he was appointed as the first special deputy of Imam Mahdi (A.S.). For five years he held this auspicious position. Before his death, on the order of Imam (A.S.) he appointed his son as Imam's representative infront of a group of honourable Shias and handed over all his responsibilities to him.

After the death Uthman Bin Saeed his sons performed all the funeral proceeding and buried him in west of Baghdad.


Muntakheb Ul  Aqwaal
"Knowledge is better than wealth because it protects you while you have to guard wealth. it decreases if you keep on spending it but the more you make use of knowledge ,the more it increases . what you get through wealth disappears as soon as wealth disappears but what you achieve through knowledge will remain even after you." MORE..
(Hazrat Ali Ibne Abi Talib (A.S)

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