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Why US fears of ICC?

By: Mohsin Hemani

The International Criminal Court (ICC) officially came into existence on July 1. In reaction, on June 30 the United States vetoed a UN resolution to extend the United Nations Mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina (UNMIBH) to protest against the fact that UN peacekeeping troops will not be given immunity from prosecution by the ICC.

Why is the U.S. afraid of the ICC? U.S. officials claim that they do not trust the decisions of the ICC and fear politically motivated prosecutions of their citizens. However, the real reason that the U.S. fears the ICC is the fact that it threatens the ability of its military and intelligence agencies to act with impunity in their activities around the world. The U.S. considers itself accountable to no one.

The United States should not fear the ICC if it is not guilty, since the fairness and impartiality of international courts has long been acknowledged around the world. For example, the International Court of Justice at The Hague has never been accused of politically motivated prosecutions in its 57-year history.

The International Criminal Court is mandated to try cases of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes. The Rome Statute of 1998 stipulated that the treaty setting up the world's first permanent international war crimes court would come into force 60 days after 60 nations ratified it. The Democratic Republic of the Congo became the 60th nation to ratify the Rome Statute last spring. As of July 1, 74 states have ratified the treaty.

UN Secretary General Kofi Annan has called on all states, which have not yet ratified the Rome Statute to do so as soon as possible. He issued a statement saying, "It reaffirms the centrality of the rule of law in international relations. It holds the promise of a world in which the perpetrators of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes are prosecuted when individual states are unable or unwilling to bring them to justice."

Human rights group Amnesty International called on the U.S. to ratify the Rome Statute on Monday. It issued a statement saying, "The U.S. position threatens the integrity of the international system of justice as a whole and challenges the universal applicability of one of its most fundamental principles: no immunity for crimes such as genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity." However, the U.S. continues following its unilateralist policy, dreaming of a new world order with itself as the leader, despite the fact that the rest of the world refuses to submit to U.S. hegemony.

The last century was one of the most barbaric centuries in history, with two world wars and wars all across Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Over the past 25 years alone, acts of genocide have been committed in Guatemala, Cambodia, Bosnia, and Rwanda.

There is obviously a need for a permanent international war crimes

court. Countries opposed to the establishment of the ICC are vainly trying to fight against the tide of history.

END

Muntakheb Ul  Aqwaal
"Knowledge is better than wealth because it protects you while you have to guard wealth. it decreases if you keep on spending it but the more you make use of knowledge ,the more it increases . what you get through wealth disappears as soon as wealth disappears but what you achieve through knowledge will remain even after you." MORE..
(Hazrat Ali Ibne Abi Talib (A.S)
 




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