PARIS, France: With the appearance of crescent of
Moharram – the first lunar month –, aza Al-Hussein and
marasim-e-azadari (majalis, matam and mawakib al-aza) began, black
mourning dresses were worn, mourning carpets in Imambargahs, Imambaras,
Ashour-Khanas, Aza-Khanas, Hussainiyaat and Islamic centers were
spread, and religious relics (tazia, standards etc) were decorated by
the mourners of Al-Imam Al-Hussein bin Ali Ibn-e-Abi Talib (S), across
the globe to pay rich homage to his supreme sacrifice in the burning
desert of Karbala in 61 AH.
Moharram is that month which became the kernel and fountainhead of
defensive front for the protection of Din and Shariah by matchless and
unparalleled sacrifices rendered by the grandson of holy Prophet
Muhammad (S), his companions and lofty family.
Touching voices of lamentations “Ya Hussain (S) and Wa Hussaina (S)”
are being heard from every nook and corner and tears are being gushed
out of every eye with intense grief over the martyrdom of chief of
martyrs Al-Imam Al-Hussein (S).
In some countries, Moharram 1430 AH crescent was sighted on December
28 while in some others on December 29.
Traditions tell that the Chief of Martyrs Imam Hussein (S) had sighted
the crescent of Moharram 61 AH when he reached “Manzil-e-Ashraf”
passing through different places after he departed the holy city of
Makkah for Iraq.
Whenever Imam Jafar-e-Sadiq (S) sighted the Moharram crescent, his
grief increased. People used to come to him for condolence,
consolation and matam.
Imam Reza (AS) said: “In the month of Muharram nobody had ever seen my
father (S) happy and merry. During this month he remained in
continuous grief and pain and on the 10th of this month he was used to
say, ‘Today Imam Hussain (S) was martyred brutally’.”
In previous times in Indian city of Lucknow, as the Muharram crescent
was sighted, the brood and youth were prohibited from laughing;
married women even newly married weds were asked to smash their
bangles; wear out red outfits. Mouth-watering dishes were prevented
till the 40th day of Imam (S) on Safar 20 rather for 2 months and 8
days; Desserts were not prepared; Sweet dishes were put on the table
on Rabi-ul-Awwal 9; fish was also not allowed. Cold drink was
considered the best tabarruk in majalis even in the winters and
patients after drinking it became healthy. The word of drink (sharbat)
is found in the original words of Imam Hussein (AS) “Shiati in
sharibtum maa azbun...” (O friends! when you drink sweet water remind