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A little about Imam Musa Al-Kadhim (as)

By: Faiza Kaleem

Imam Musa bin Ja'fer Al-Kadhim (a.s.), son of Imam Ja'fer Sadiq (a.s.) and Hadhrat Hamida Al-Barbariyya (a.s.), was born on 7th Safar 128 a.h. in Abwa (a place between Mecca and Madina) where there is buried Hadhrat Amina (a.s.), the Prophet Muhammad's (saw) mother.

He is one of the Imams whose miracles in childhood are reported extensively. Imam Ja'fer As-Sadiq (a.s.) repeatedly pointed out Imam Musa Al-Kadhim (a.s.) as his successor because he knew of the people who after his martyrdom would differ.

Once when Imam was 5 years old, Abu Hanifa came to visit the 6th Imam Ja'fer Sadiq (a.s.). He asked Imam Musa (a.s.): "O son of the Prophet! What is your opinion about the deeds of man? Does he do them on his own free will or does God make him do them?

The 7th Imam replied: "The doings of man can have three possibilities:

God compels a man to do them whilst he is helpless.

Both God and man share the commitment.

Man does them alone.

If the first is true than God cannot punish man for sins he did not commit.

If the second is true then too God cannot punish man for he is an equal partner.

Then, we are naturally left with the third, that man is absolutely responsible for his own doings".

Babul Hawaaij (Door of fulfilment of needs), Kadhim (One who swallows his anger), Faqih, Aalim and Abdus-Salih (Virtuos slave) are his titles.

Imam Musa (a.s.) lived in an era when the rulers were the cruelest ever. Their hatred for the Ahlul Bayt and their followers was intense. Imam's followers were constantly harassed and tortured. According to some reports he last 19 years of his life was spent in prison while some other reoports say of 14 years. Despite all these hardships, he was always patient spending entire nights in the worship of Allah. His character even converted the prison wardens towards him.

When came to power Harun Rashid, who introduced Backgammon, Chess and Music as Islamic culture (they are Haraam), he arrested the imam (as) in the Prophet's mosque whilst Imam was praying. He was handcuffed and shackled and sent to Basra. A similar caravan was sent to Baghdad to fool Imam's followers. Imam was put into prison under the custody of Isa bin Ja'fer. After a year Isa wrote to Harun saying he could no longer imprison Imam as he could find only piety and righteousness in him.

Harun had Imam moved to Baghdad under the custody of Fadhl bin Rabi who too became a follower of Imam. The prisons were so small that there was no room to stand and the food was a cup of water and two pieces of dry bread a day. Imam remained patient. Harun finally moved Imam in the care of Sindi bin Shahak (a very cruel man). Imam remained in prison for the last 19 years of his life.

In 183 a.h. Rajab 25, Sindi had martyred Imam with poisoned dates. His body was left on the bridge of Baghdad and an announcement was made for all to come and see him. His funeral rites were performed by his son, the 8th infallible Imam Ali bin Musa Ar-Ridha (a.s.) and he was buried in Kadhmain, Iraq.

END

Muntakheb Ul  Aqwaal
"Knowledge is better than wealth because it protects you while you have to guard wealth. it decreases if you keep on spending it but the more you make use of knowledge ,the more it increases . what you get through wealth disappears as soon as wealth disappears but what you achieve through knowledge will remain even after you." MORE..
(Hazrat Ali Ibne Abi Talib (A.S)
 




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