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Brief biography of Imam Taqi Al-Jawwad (p)
By: Bint-e-Moosa Moosavi
29th Zeeqa’ad is the martyrdom Day of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (p)’s ninth infallible descendant Hazrat Imam Muhammad Taqi Al-Jawwad (p), son of Hazrat Imam Ali bin Mousa Ar-Reza (p) and Hazrat Sabikah also known as Khaizran (p).
Imam Al-Jawwad (p) was martyred at the age of 25 by poison by Mu'tasim, the 'Abbaside caliph in 220 AH. He was buried next to his Grandfather Hazrat Imam Mousa Al-Kazim (p) in Kazimain Sharifain, a suburb of Baghdad, Iraq.
The Holy Imam Al-Jawwad (p) was the symbol of Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (p)'s affability and Imam `Ali (p)'s attainments. His hereditary qualities comprised of gallantry, boldness, charity, learning, forgiveness, tolerance, hospitality, courtesy and simplicity.
Once Imam (p) was in the streets of Baghdad with some children that Mamoun Rahid passed by there. Looking Mamun Rashid, all children ran out but Imam (p) who was at that time of tender age kept standing on his place. Mamoun Rashid said to Imam (p): O child! Why did you not run out? Imam said: Path was not narrow and I was not a criminal. And I also keep good opinion about you that you will not harm innocent. Mamoun Rashid was surprised for his good words and nice appearance.
Then Mamoun went away and he had a hunting hawk. When he went far from the colony, he let off his hawk on a partridge. The hawk became invisible, and after some time when it returned from the air there was a little alive fish in its beak. Mamoun wondered and returned, with the children still on their place. As they saw Mamoun, they ran out save Imam Taqi (p). Mamun Rashid inquired Imam: what’s in my hand? Imam (p) replied: Allah, the Exalted has created a sea in the air with His omnipotence and brought into being little fish therein which are being hunted by the hawks of kings, and through it the son of Prophet (p) is tried. Mamoun spontaneously said: You are the son of Imam Ali Ar-Reza (p). And Mamoun Rashid showed great respect for Imam (p). (Yanabi-ul-Mawaddah)
The 9th Imam, Imam Muhammad Taqi (p) had an uncle called Ali ibne Jaffar, who was a very knowledgeable, pious old man. Whenever he went to the mosque, people would surround him and ask him questions. One day Imam Taqi (p) arrived at the mosque. When his uncle who was sitting in the middle of a large group of people saw him, he immediately got up and kissed the hand of Imam (p). Imam (p) asked his uncle to sit down, to which his uncle replied that he could not sit while Imam (p) was standing. When Ali ibne Jaffar returned among his friends, after Imam (p) had left, his friends told him that it was wrong for him to show so much respect to that child (Imam (p) as he was an old man and the uncle of the child. Ali ibne Jaffar replied that he was showing respect to the child because of who he was.
Once Ma'mun had arranged a question-answer session between Imam (p) and Yahya bin Athkam, who was supposed to be the most learned of men at that time. The court was full of people from near and far everyone wanted to see what the outcome would be.
Yahya asked the first question: “What would be the kaffara of a person in Ihram who hunted and killed his prey?”
Imam Taqi (p) answered that he would have to be given a lot more detail before he could even begin to answer the question.
Was the person in Ihram young or not?
Was the person a free man or a slave?
Did he know the laws of sharia on hunting or not?
Was his Ihram for Hajj or Umra?
Did he hunt intentionally or not?
Was this the first time or one of many?
Did the person in Ihram hunt inside the Haram of the Ka'ba or outside?
Did he hunt in the day or at night?
Was the prey big or small?
Was the prey a bird or an animal?
Was the person sorry or not?
Yahya was shocked and did not know what to say. Ma'mun asked Imam (p) to answer Yahya's question for all of the above conditions, which Imam (p) did.
It was then Imam (p) to ask Yahya a question, which he did and which Yahya could not answer.
Traditions of Imam (p):
1-The trust in Allah is the price of everything that is precious and the ladder to every goal which is high and sublime.
2-One who follows his desires, concedes to the wishes of his enemy.
3-Do not be an apparent friend of Allah in open, and secret enemy of His in private.