100 sayings of Imam Muhammad b. Jafer As-Sadiq (A.S.)
By: Saira Hussain
Rabi-ul Awwal 17 is the birth anniversary of holy Prophet Hazrat
Muhammad (SAWW) and his sixth infallible descendant Hazrat Imam Jafer
As-Sadiq (AS). Here is a little collection of some maxims of the Imam
1- He who treats people kindly will be accepted as arbiter.
2- To trust everybody in times of injustice and cheating is
3- If problems are added to each other, they will give birth to
4- To recognize the actuality of your friend, you should enrage him.
If he keeps up his friendship, he is true friend lest, he is false.
5- Do not appreciate one's affection before you enrage him three
6- Do not trust your friend perfectly, because the knockdown of the
trustful is incurable.
7- Islam is a definite rank. Faith is one rank higher than Islam.
Conviction is one rank higher than faith. People have been given a
rank lower than conviction.
8- To remove a mountain is easier than removing faith.
9- Beware of joking, because it causes rancor and drives into malice.
Joking is the lesser revilement.
10- The desire for the worldly pleasures causes grief and sadness.
Abstinence from the worldly pleasures brings about the rest of both
heart and body.
11- Life is to rent a house and buy bread.
12- He who gains oppression is not gaining welfare. He who mistreats
people should not complain when people mistreat him.
13- In homelands, exchanging visits is the means of association. In
travel, correspondence is the means of association.
14- A believer is not perfectly virtuous unless he enjoys three
characters-- knowledgeability of the religious affairs, moderation in
living, and steadfastness against misfortunes.
15- An actual believer is that whose sexual appetite does not overcome
him and whose stomach does not shame him.
16- A twenty-year friendship is kinship.
17- Favors should be done only to the highborn or the religious. Those
who show gratitude are very few.
18- Enjoining good and forbidding evil should be practiced with a
faithful believer that he would learn a lesson, or an ignorant that he
would earn. Enjoining good and forbidding evil become surely worthless
when they are applied to the powerful tyrants.
19- Those who enjoin good and forbid evil should enjoy three
characters: they should be aware of the matters that they enjoin and
the matters that they forbid,fair in the matters that they enjoin and
the matters that they forbid, and lenient in the matters that they
enjoin and the matters that they forbid.
20- He who suffers a misfortune due to obtruding upon an unjust ruler
will be neither rewarded nor endowed with patience.
21- As some people showed ingratitude for Allah's graces, He changed
the graces into crises. As other people showed steadfastness against
the misfortunes that inflicted them, Allah changed the misfortunes
22- The prosperity of coexistence and association are three thirds:
two thirds are acumen and one is overlooking.
23- Revenging on the pauper is extremely ugly.
24- Imam As-Sadiq(A.S.) was asked about personality, he answered:
Personality stands for that Allah should not see you in situations
against which He warned, and miss you in situations of which He
25- Thank him who did you favor, and confer upon him who thanked you.
Graces that are shown gratitude will not be removed while those that
are shown ingratitude will not persist. Thanks increase the graces and
saves against poverty.
26- To miss a need is better than asking it from other than its
people. Bad mannerism in a misfortune is more catastrophic than the
27- As a man asked him a short item of instruction that collects the
welfare of this world and the world to come, the Holy Imam (A.S.)
said: Never tell untruths.
28- Imam As-Sadiq (A.S.) was asked about eloquence. He answered:
Eloquence is to express the idea in as few as possible words. The
eloquent is that who attains his demand in the least effort.
29- Debt is grief at night and humility in day.
30- If your worldly demands are attainable, you should check your
31- Treat your fathers piously so that your sons will treat you
piously. Keep yourselves away from the strange women so that your
harem will be chaste.
32- He who entrusts a betrayer with a deposit will be deprived of
33- Imam As-Sadiq(A.S.) said to Humran-bin-A'yun: O Humran, look to
him who is less powerful that you are and do not look at him who is
more powerful so that you will be more satisfied with what Allah has
allotted for you and will be a greater motive to deserve the Lord's
increase. Know that little permanent deed with conviction is more
favorable to Allah than the many deeds that are lacking conviction.
You should know also that no piety is more profitable than avoiding
committing the prohibited matters and the abstinence from harming and
backbiting the believers. No living is more pleasant than good
mannerism, no fortune is more advantageous than satisfaction with the
sufficient and the little, and no ignorance is more harmful than
34- Pudency is of two faces: one is weakness while the other is power,
submisison, and faith.
35- Negligence of others' rights is humility. Certainly, the neglector
of rights needs for forgery in this regard.
36- It is sufficient for one of the group to salute. Similarly, it is
sufficient for one of the group to respond the salutation.
37- Salutation is voluntary while responding is obligatory.
38- Do not answer those who speak before they greet you.
39- Shaking hands is the perfect greeting of the resident and
embracement is the perfect greeting of the traveler.
40- Shake hands, because this will confiscate malice.
41- Fear Allah even if to some extent. Construct a screen between Him
and you even if transparent.
42- As for those who control themselves in rage, desire, fear, and
lust, Allah will prevent Hell from burning their bodies.
43- Good health is a light grace; it is forgotten when found and
mentioned when missed.
44- In good days, Allah endows with the grace of consent. In distress,
He endows with the grace of purification.
45- It often happens that Allah endows a servant with a grace that he
does not expect. It also happens that one hopes for something while
his goodness is in its opposite. It also may happen that one is
running for his doom, while he goes slowly for his goodness.
46- He who does not show steadfastness against every misfortune, show
gratitude for every grace, and show easiness for every complexity will
surely be too short to continue. Be broad-minded whenever a misfortune
inflicts you, whether in your son, wealth, or other matters. The fact
of every misfortune is that Allah receives his loan and takes his gift
back so as to test your tolerance and thanking.
47- Everything has limits. The limit of conviction is not to fear
anything besides Allah.
48- The (Faithful) believer should enjoy eight characters; he should
be venerable in shaking situations, steadfast against misfortunes,
thankful in luxury, satisfied with what Allah has decided to him,
avoid oppressing the enemies, avoid overtasing the associates, should
fatigue his body, and make people feel glad with him.
49- Knowledge is the comrade of the faithful believer, clemency is his
supporter, patience is the commander of his army, lenience is his
brother, and charity is his father.
50- Imam As-Sadiq(A.S.) said to Abu-Ubayda who asked him to supplicate
to Allah for saving him from making his earnings pass by the mediation
of the servants: Allah has arranged to make people's earnings in other
people's hands. You should supplicate to Allah to make your earnings
in the hands of the charitable people, because this is a sort of
happiness, and not to make your earnings in the hands of the vicious,
because it is a sort of despondency.
51- As for those who practice without guidance, they are like him who
walks without choosing a definite path. The more he walks, the remoter
52- The meaning of Allah's saying, "Have fear of Allah as you should
be, (Holy Qur'an 3:102) is that Allah should be obeyed in such a way
that He should not be disobeyed, mentioned in such a way that He
should not be neglected, and thanked in such a way that He should not
be shown ingratitude.
53- He who recognizes Allah accurately will fear Him. He who fears
Allah accurately will disregard the worldly pleasures.
54- The actual fearful is that who cannot speak due to the intensity
55- Imam As-Sadiq(A.S.) was asked about the manners of some people who
were committing the acts of disobedience to Allah and claiming that
they were desiring for the mercy of Allah and kept on doing so until
death attacks them.The Holy Imam(A.S.) said: As for those who act
disobediently and claim expecting Allah's mercy until they die, they
are rocking on hopes. They are surely liars. They do not expect
Allah's mercy. He who expects something should seek it. Likewise, he
who fears something should escape it.
56- We love those who are intelligent. knowledgeable, perceptive,
expert, clement, courteous, patient, veracious, and loyal. Allah gave
the noble characters exclusively to the prophets(a.s). He who enjoys
such characters should thank Allah for them. He who does not enjoy
them should supplicate to Allah for them. As he was asked about these
noble characters, Imam As-Sadiq(A.S.) said: The noble characters are
piety, satisfaction, patience, gratefulness, clemency, pudency,
generosity, bravery, enthusiasm, veracity, charity, fulfillment of the
trusts, conviction, good mannerism, and chivalry.
57- The firmest handle of faith is to love, hate, give, and
deprive-all for Allah's sake.
58- Nothing will follow a dead person except three things: an alms
that Allah gave permanetly in his life and it will follow him after
death, a norm of guidance that others pursue, and a virtuous son that
supplicates to Allah for his favor.
59- Lying invalidates the ablution (for the prayers) and breaks the
fasting. The attendants said: But we use to tell lies." The Holy
Imam(A.S.) said: I do not mean lying due to garrulity, but I mean
forging lies against Allah, His Messenger, and the Imams(A.S.). The
Holy Imam (A.S.) then added: Fasting is not abstaining from food or
drink only. Mary(A.S.) said, -as the Holy Quran reported- "I have
promised the Beneficent Allah to fast. (Holy Qur'an19:26) This means
to keep silent. Thus, you should keep silent, turn the sights away
(from whatever Allah has forbidden), and stop envying and disputing
with each other. Envy consumes the faith like the fire when consumes
60- The Divine Throne will be shaken when one makes Allah the witness
of a false matter.
61- Allah knew that sin is better for the believer than self-conceit
lest, Allah will never test the believers through the commitment of
62- He whose conducts are bad is tormenting himself.
63- Favor is well-known. Except its reward, nothing is better than
64- Nothing like thanks in increasing the favorable matters and
nothing like patience in decreasing the unfavorable matters.
65- The most effective soldiers of Eblis are women and rage.
66- The world is the believer's jail, patience is his fortress, and
Paradise is his abode. The world is the disbeliever's paradise, grave
is his jail, and Hell is his abode.
67- Allah has not created doubtless conviction that is more similar to
unspoiled doubt than death.
68- Whenever you see a servant (of Allah) pursuing people's flaws and
neglecting his own flaws, you should then realize that he has been
trapped (by the Shaitan).
69- The server of food who thanks (Allah for so) will be rewarded as
same as those who fast just for gaining the rewards of Allah, and the
individual who is cured and thanks (Allah for curing him) will be
rewarded as same as the diseased one who is steadfast against that
disease (for the sake of Allah).
70- Those who are not scholars should not be regarded as happy, those
who are not amiable should not be regarded as laudable, and those who
are not tolerant should not be regarded as perfect. Those who do not
guard themselves against the scholars' blame and censure should not be
expected to gain the welfare of this world and the world to come. The
intelligent should be veracious and thankful so that their sayings
will be trusted and they will be given increasingly.
71- You should not trust the betrayer after you had tested him and you
should not accuse him whom you trusted.
72- Imam As-Sadiq(A.S.) was asked about the people who are most
respected by Allah. He answered: The people who are most respected by
Allah are those who mention and obey Him more than the others. He,
then, was asked about the people that are most disrespected by Allah,
Imam As-Sadiq(A.S.) answered: The people that are most disrespected by
Allah are those who accuse Him. "Is there anyone who accuses Allah?" I
asked. The Holy Imam(A.S.) said: He who seeks Allah's decision and
dissatisfies himself with it when it comes opposite to his will is
accusing Allah." "Who else?" asked I. The Holy Imam(A.S.) answered:
Then come those who complain against Allah." "Is there anyone who
complains against Allah?" I asked. The Imam(A.S.) said: They are those
who exaggerate in complaining about the misfortunes that they are
suffering." Who else?" asked I. He(A.S.) answered: Then come those who
neglect showing gratitude when they are endowed with a grace and show
intolerance when they are inflicted by a problem." "Who are the most
respected by Allah?" asked I. He(A.S.) answered: The most respected
people are those who show gratitude when they are given a grace and
treat with their problems tolerantly.
73- The weary are friendless and the envious are fortuneless. Much
looking into wisdom pollinates the mind.
74- Fear of Allah is sufficient knowledge and deceit is sufficient
75- The best adoration is to know Allah and behave humbly with Him.
76- One scholar is better than one thousand worshippers, one thousand
ascetics, and one thousand hard-working persons in worship.
77- Everything has its tax and the tax of knowledge is to teach its
78- Judges are four categories three of whom will be in Hell while one
only will be in Paradise. The judge who judges unjustly intentionally
will surely be in Hell. The Judge who judges unjustly inadvertently
will be in Hell. The Judge who judges unjustly inadverently will be in
Hell. The judge who judges justly but unintentionally will be in Rell.
The judge who judges justly intentionally will be in Paradise.
79- Imam As-Sadiq(a.s) was asked about the character of decency. The
Holy Imam(A.S.) said: The decent is that who turns his sight away from
the forbidden views, holds up his tongue from the ill wording, and
abstains from oppressing others.
80- Allah will not ask people about things that are screened from them
before He identifies them.
81- To put your hand to the elbow between the jaws of a dragon is
better than asking those who have got newly fortune.
82- The settlement of needs is Allah's, but the ways are in the
people' hands. You should thank Allah for the settlement of your
needs, and you should submit, accept, and tolerate if they are not
settled. Unsettlement of a need may be for your good. Allah knows your
good while you do not know.
83- A man's begging from another man is an ordeal: if he gains what he
asked for he will then thank the one who did not give him and if he is
refuted, he will censure the one who did not refute him.
84- Allah has installed the whole goodness in leniency and courtesy.
85- Beware of associating with the lowly, because the association with
them will never lead to welfare.
86- As a man worries about a little humility, this may engage him into
a greater one.
87- The most advantageous thing is to precede people to the
recognition of your own flaws. The heaviest thing is to hide your
poverty. The less fortunate thing is to provide the advice to him who
refuses it and to live next to an acquisitive individual. The most
relaxing thing is to despair of people's giving. Never be weary of
obscure. Be modest by submitting to the opinions of him who is higher
than you (in rank) and who did you favors when such opinions oppose
yours. You have submitted to his being higher than you so as to avoid
disagreeing with him. He who does not submit to anybody's favor is
surely self-conceited. You should know that he who does not humble
himself before Allah will never gain pride and he who is not modest
before Allah will never gain haughtiness.
88- To wear rings on the fingers is a prophetic tradition.
89- The most favorable friend to me is that who shows me my flaws.
90- Friendship is nil unless its limits are kept. He who does not keep
these limits should not be regarded as friend. The first limit is that
the inner self and the appearance should be identical. The second
limit is that the friend should regard your goodness as his goodness
and your evil as his evil. The third limit of friendship is that a
position or fortunes should not change the friend's relation with his
friends. The fourth limit is that the friend should not deprive his
friend of anything that he is capable of doing. The fifth limit--which
is the most comprehensive--, is that the friend should never leave his
friend alone in calamities.
91- Comity is one third of the mind.
92- The believers' laughter should be only a smile.
93- There is no difference between depositing a trust with a betrayer
or a negligent.
94- Imam As-Sadiq(A.S.) said to Al-Mufaddal: I instruct you to stick
on six characters and relate them to my adherents-Shia. You should
fulfill the trust of him who entrusts you with anything. You should
like for your brother whatever you like for yourself. You should know
that every matter has an end; therefore, you should beware of the
outcomes of matters. Similarly, every matter has a sudden event;
hence, beware of the sudden events. Beware of climbing an easy
mountain if its slope is uneven. Never promise your brother of a
matter that you cannot fulfill.
95- Allah has not permitted people in three matters: they should treat
the parents kindly whether they are righteous or wicked, abide by the
pledge whether to the righteous or the wicked, and fulfill the trust
whether to the righteous or the wicked.
96- I feel sympathetic to three classes of people. Anyhow, they should
be treated mercifully. They are those who suffered humiliation after
honor, those who became needy after having been wealthy, and the
scholars whom have been belittled by their folks and the ignorant
97- He whosever heart is attached to the fondness of this world will
be suffering three matters-an everlasting care, an unattainable hope,
and an unachievable expectation.
98- Lying and treachery are not within the ethics of the believers.
Two characters are not found together in the hypocrites: they are
good-looking and understanding of a tradition.
99- People are equal like the teeth of a comb. With the support of his
brothers, a man can be regarded as great. No goodness is expected in
the friendship of those who do not like for their friends whatever
they like for themselves.
100- Understanding is the ornament of faith, self-possession is the
ornament of understanding, kindness is the ornament of self-possession
and easiness is the ornament of leniency.
better than wealth because it protects you while you have to
guard wealth. it decreases if you keep on spending it but the
more you make use of knowledge ,the more it increases . what you
get through wealth disappears as soon as wealth disappears but
what you achieve through knowledge will remain even after you."MORE