Ghadir - the greatest feast
By: Hadi bin Hasan
Today I have perfected your religion and completed my
favor upon you, and I was satisfied that Islam be your religion. (Quran
When Noah was appointed, he called upon his people and told them:
Allah has called upon you to have faith in Him, and to follow His
messengers. After me, there shall be a prophet who will bring the
complete religion. He is the last prophet that will be sent from
Abraham, Moses, Jesus… each with different Holy Books, each in
different eras, they all came to reveal Allah's message and spoke of
the Final Prophet.
As time passed, people around the world were awaiting this Savior,
this Final Prophet. At last Prophet Mohammad (PBUH&HP) was sent as the
last messenger of Allah. With Him came the revelation of Allah's
complete religion. The labor and hardship of all the previous prophets
was manifest in this religion.
The Prophet (PBUH&HP) had struggled to create brotherhood and equality
in the Muslim community for twenty-three years. We have to take the
time of these events into consideration. In the time of slavery and
idol worshipping, Mohammad (PBUH) preached of monotheism and freedom.
These are two words that are spoken freely today.
Hajat-al-wedaa, the farewell pilgrimage
When the ceremonies of the pilgrimage were completed, the Prophet and
his companions left Mecca for Medina. On reaching Ghadir Khum he
stopped. Verses of the Quran were being revealed upon him. The
Archangel Gabriel came with the following verse in order to impress
the urgency of the divine command:
O Prophet! Proclaim what has been revealed to you from your Lord, for
if you do it not you have not conveyed His message; and Allah will
protect you from the (evil designs of) people... Holy Quran (5:67)
Before this, he had received similar messages, but had not been
instructed explicitly as to the time for Ali's (AS) appointment. He
had delayed it because of opposition that might occur.
Mohammad (PBUH) was aware of the inner feelings of his companions. He
knew that they had made progress, but with their weak faith, he was
not sure that they were prepared for his proclamation.
Allah will protect you from the (evil designs of) people. Prophet
Mohammad (PBUH&HP) was never frightened by people or anything other
than Allah. Even in the battle of Uhud the prophet fought until the
last moment and feared no one. He was brave and courageous as all the
other prophets before him were. In this ayah, Allah is telling the
prophet to ignore the unawareness of some of the people, just as he
told Moses:" Do not fear, you are the winner."
Again, Gabriel was ordered to reveal to Mohammad (PBUH&HP) the same
verse. This happened once more. After the third time, the Prophet
ordered the whole party to be assembled, even summoning back those who
had already left, for he had an important message to be delivered.
Then the Prophet gave a long sermon. He praised Allah and spoke of
He then called out: "Am I not more precious to you than your own
lives?" They said, "Yes!" It was then that he took Ali's (AS) hands
and raised them so high that he showed the whites of his armpits, and
said, "Whoever has me as his master has Ali (AS) his master. 0 Lord,
be a friend to his friends, and enemy to his enemies. Help those who
assist him and frustrate those who oppose him."
Immediately after the Prophet finished his speech, the following verse
of the Quran was revealed:
Today I have perfected your religion and have completed my favor upon
you, and I was satisfied that Islam be your religion. (Quran 5:3)
After that, those that were present came to Ali bin Abi Talib's (AS)
tent and congratulated him on his new position. They addressed him as
their Mawla and master.
Was the religion of Islam complete if the question of leadership was
unclear? The above verse clearly indicates that Islam without clearing
up the matter of leadership after the Prophet was not complete. The
true completion of Islam was due to the announcement of the Prophet's
Elaboration of the above verse
The term "al-Yaum" meaning today, is usually used in very important
cases in the Quran. Its use at the beginning of the sentence is also
The phrase "completed my favor upon you" has many implications, only
one of which we will discuss. What do favor and blessings refer to? It
can't mean tangible blessings because of the verb tense. We are even
now blessed with many materialistic favors. So, could it have a deeper
and more important meaning?
When we examine the Quran to see what the highest blessing is, we
notice that Imamat is higher than any favor or other blessing known. A
term used to describe its greatness is used in the Quran. (3:64 and
28:5) Mennah refers to something so great that understanding and
perceiving it is difficult.
Prophecy and Imamat are the greatest blessings to mankind. In this
verse, Imamat is referred to as a favor. With "I completed my favor
upon you" the prophecy of Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) is complete; there are
no prophets to come after him. In the same way, the Imamat of Ali (AS)
and his children has also been completed; there are no successors
The enemies of Islam said: "We were awaiting the prophet's death. We
can overrule the Holy Book and all of the rules and regulations of
Islam, but we can not oppose a strong leader." The great event of
Ghadir-e Khum explains to us that with out a commander in chief, all
that the prophets have worked for could have easily been destroyed.
Therefore, the true completion of Islam was due to the announcement of
the Prophet's immediate successor.
By appointing Imam Ali (AS), Allah has shown the best path to the
people of the world and Islam was completed.
Eid Ghadir, also known as Eid-ul-Akbar, is one of the few historic
events that all Muslims agree upon. Seyyed Mortaza writes that there
is not any Islamic group that does not agree upon the actual event of
Masood ibn Nasser Sajestani in the book Velayatkade, which is printed
in seventeen volumes, narrates this event on the authority of one
hundred twenty people.
Mohammad bin Jarir Tabari in the book Radde Alaa Al-Kharghoosiah,
narrates the event of Ghadir Khumm from seventy-five different paths.
Al-Ghadir by Allameh Amini is the most general and complete
encyclopedia for narrations about the Ghadir event.
Reference: [Tafsir al-Mizan, Al-Ghadir by Allame al-Amini,
Hagh al-Yaghin by Allame al-Majlesi, Articles by Ayatollah Javadi
better than wealth because it protects you while you have to
guard wealth. it decreases if you keep on spending it but the
more you make use of knowledge ,the more it increases . what you
get through wealth disappears as soon as wealth disappears but
what you achieve through knowledge will remain even after you."MORE